HP POINTERS

AGITATIONS / PRAJA MANDAL MOVEMENTS / FREEDOM STRUGGLE

  • 1857 Revolt – Bhim Singh Thapa lead revolt from Kasauli to Jutogh (Shimla)
  • 1883 –Jugga Movement (Self-immolation, Bilaspur)
  • 1909-10 – Mandi Agitation- against Raja Bhawani Sen and Wazir Padha Jeevanand. Shobha Ram laid the foundation of Mahavir Dal in order to stir up the masses and air the voice against the injustices of Wazir Jiva Nand Padha. (Padha means priest)
  • 1924 – revolt under Rattan Singh – Raja Laxman Sen of Suket fled to Dehra Dun.
  • 1936 – Mandi Praja Mandal. Second after Sirmaur PM. Swami Purnanand became its 1st Chairman.
  • 1938 – Formation of Himalayan RiyasatiPraja Mandal @ Ludhiana.
  • 1939 – Kunihar Struggle ( led by Pt. Padam Dev)
  • 16 July 1939 – Dhami Firing (main leader of agitation – Bhagmal Sauntha)
  • 1942 –Pajhota Movement (Sirmour); leaders – Vaid Surat Singh, Mian Chunchu, Basti Ram Pahari
  • 1942 – Quit India Movement was organized by Raj Kumari Amrit Kaur in Shimla. She was the Raj Kumari of Kapurthala.
  • 18 Feb 1948 – Suket Satyagrah – led by Pt. Padam Dev against Raja Laxman Singh of Suket. Raja Lakshman Sen signed the merger document on 14 March, 1948 for merger in H.P.
  • Pahari Gandhi – Baba Kanshi Ram- vowed to wear black clothes until India got independence.
  • Hardev was the chief architect of Ghadar (revolutionary activities) in Mandi. He was the founder of Arya Samaj in Himachal and was influenced by the emotive thoughts of Lala Lajpat Rai and Bhai Parmanand. He changed his name as Swami Krishnanand to elude the British spies. He is widely known as Sind-ka Gandhi.
  • Hari Singh of Sarkaghat exhibited astonishing bravery. Indian National Army gave him the title of Sher-i-Hind.
  • Narendra Praja Mandal, established in 1921 was known as the Chamber of Princes.

MISCELLANEOUS POINTS

  • SC Population: Kangra (319385), Mandi (293739), Shimla (215777), Solan (164536), Sirmaur (160745).
  • Top 5 Tribal Population Districts: Chamba (26%)

>Kangra (5.5%) >Kinnaur (57%) >L & S (81%)

>Solan (4.4%). Kangra has biggest number.

  • Bhuri Singh Power house was the first Power House in Himachal built by Raja Bhuri Singh of Chamba in 1908 on river Sal.
  • Shanan Power House of Jogindernagar was built by Raja Joginder Sen of Mandi in 1932 on river Uhl.
  • Longest National Highway of Himachal is NH-5 (Old Name NH 22) from Chandigarh- Rampur (326.276KM).
  • Smallest National Highway of Himachal is NH- 907 (Old Name NH 73-A) from Lal Dhank- Bata Chowk (7.420KM).
  • Mohana, Ballo, Gangi & Ghambri are the famous songs of District Bilaspur.
  • R.C. Scot introduced Apples to the Kullu valley in 1870 & S.N. Stokes introduced famous Delicious vars in Thanedhar (1916)
  • First apple orchard in HP: Bundrole (Kullu Valley) by Captain Lee, an Englishman around 1870.
  • Shimla is the only class one town in Himachal. The book “Country Life” is written by Norah Richard.
  • In 1852 Municipal Governance was introduced in Shimla and in 1978 it became Municipal Corporation (First MC of HP). Pahari Day is observed on 1st November.
  • Great freedom fighter Bhajju Ram of Kangra is also known as “Frontier Gandhi”.
  • State Re-organisation Commission – also called Fazl Ali (Chairman) Commission. Other

Members : H.M. Panicker & K.N. Kunzru). 26 May 2002,Rohtang Tunnel foundation laid by PM Vajpayee

  • YS Parmar, CM of HP –1952, 1963, 1967 & 1972
  • 1964 – HP declared hill state
  • Music for “Kadam-kadam Badhaye Ja” by Capt. Veer Ram Singh from Khaniyara
  • Kalidasa in “Kumara-Sambhava” called Himachal Devata-Aatma or Divine Soul &mentioned”Kinners”.
  • H.P.  State  Flower  (Declared:  2007)  – Pink Rhododendron (Gulaabiburaansh), Rhodod endron Campanulatum
  • H.P. State Bird (Declared: 2007) – Jujurana – King of Birds (Western Tragopan)
  • H.P. State Animal (Declared: 2007) -Snow Leopard (Pantherauncia syn. Uncia uncia)
  • H.P. State Tree – Deodar (Cedrusdeodara). Ashoka Stupa- Kullu Valley & Paonta Valley (Indo-Aryan Art)
  • 1814-16 – Gurkha War – Gen. Ochterloney V/s Amar Singh Thapa (Gurkhas were defeated in 1809 by Sansar Chand & Maharaja Ranjit Singh). In 1909, Vogel catalogued Bhuri Singh Museum’s material.
  • In 1906 Raja Bhuri Singh of Chamba opened an Entertainment Club House in Chamba and later in 1908 converted it into a museum known as Bhuri Singh Museum.
  • 1st Railway line Kalka-Shimla opened on 9 Nov. 1903 – 96 Km – Narrow Gauge (762 mm). 102 tunnels, 864 bridges. The longest tunnel on the route is number 33 Barog tunnel, named after the Colonel Barog (sadly he had to face humiliation and suicide) and the highest bridge is number 493. 2008 – declared UNESCO World Heritage site. Other UNESCO World Heritage site in H.P. – Great Himalayan National Park (declared in 2014 ). Others railway lines in India which are declared World Heritage – Darjeeling Himalayan Railways (West Bengal) and the Nilgiri Mountain Railways (Ooty, Tamil Nadu).
  • 1991 (Jan)-Himachal was linked with the Broad gauge line in Una by extending Delhi-Nangal Railway Line.
  • Beas Gufa @ Bilaspur (100 Mts); Sarur Cave @ Tattapani (656 Mts.); Latru Mahadev Cave @ Arki –dedicated to Lord Shiv. Smallest town- Naina Devi ; Largest-Shimla
  • Malana- Little Greece of HP – Oldest Democracy.
  • Albion Press was the first press of Shimla started in 1848 which published a local newspaper “The Mountain Monitor”. HP has 4 Zoos: Gopalpur / Kufri+ Tuttikandi / Renuka / Rewalsar.
  • Jayanti Devi of Kangra is known as the Kul Devi of Gorkha Community.
  • In Himachal district Kangra has the highest number of 420 bank branches & district LahaulSpiti has the least number of 23 branches. Kanwar Ranjaur Singh wrote Tareekh- e-Riyasat- Sirmour.
  • Moorcraft wrote the book “Travel in the Himachal Province of Hindustan”.
  • Raja Amar Praksh of Sirmour built “Mahima Library” in 1930 in remembrance of his daughter.
  • In 1623 Jahangir gave the title of “Bahadur” to Raja Roop Chand of Guler.
  • S. S Charak wrote the book – History and culture of Himalayan states
  • Devi of Jwala ji is also known as Mahamaya. Lepel Griffith wrote the “The Rajas of Punjab”.
  • The tea farm was established in Palampur in 1939. The fruit farm was established in Palampur in 1936.
  • Government Bee farm was established in Nagrota in 1936 A.D.
  • Tibetan Institute of Performing Art (TIPA) was established in 1959 A.D. in Dharamshala. TIPA hold an opera festival called Shotou. Nirmand been established by Parshuram.
  • Stone inscriptions are mainly written in Sharda and Tankri Script.
  • Establishment of Himachal state museum in 1973-1974 in Shimla
  • Samuel Evans Stokes, an American Missionary from Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, who came to Kotgarh in A.D. 1904, and was responsible for the apple cultivation which made this region

one of the richest in Himachal Pradesh. Stokes, who came to propagate Christianity was converted to Hinduism, and came to be known as Satya Nand Stokes, the ‘Messiah of the Hills’.

  • The Metal Masks of Local Deities in Kullu are known as Mohras.
  • Shimla Agreement (Indira Gandhi & Zulfiqar Bhutto) – 1972.
  • Battle of Bhangani (Guru Gobind Singh v/s Raja Bhi Chand of Bilaspur) in 1686 A.D.
  • ‘Looking Back’ is Book of: Justice Mehar Chand Mahajan
  • Kangra Fort – located atop a hill at the confluence of Banganga and Patal Ganga river (also known as the Manjhi. The fort has got Lakshmi Narayan Temple and the Sheetla Mata Temple,
  • W. C Archer wrote ‘Kangra Paintings’ in 1952. He also wrote ‘Indian Paintings from Punjab Hills’.
  • Dharamshala is named after Dharam Chand Katoch, who ruled from 1528-63 AD. He had a palace at Dharamkot erected, and also laid foundation of Bhagsunag temple.
  • Ribba, Kinnaur is known as land of grapes. First Durand Football tournament was held in Annadale Ground.
  • The earliest inscription in the hills are those of Pathiyar and Kanhiyara (Ashok, The Great Period)
  • Dorukha technique of Chamba Rumals (originated just after 1650 AD) means embroidery on both sides.
  • HP shares international border with China. Length of international border with China is 345 Km.
  • Himachal Pradesh is ranked fourth (2011 census) in Highest per capita income among other Indian States.
  • Due to production of so many varieties of fruits Himachal Pradesh is also called Fruit Bowl of India. Among all fruits Apple production adds maximum towards economy. Alone fruit production adds 3 billion annual turn over to the state’s economy.
  • Sirmaur has developed its reputation as biggest Flower producing district of Himachal Pradesh.
  • Kasol, in the Kullu district of Himachal Pradesh is called the “ Mini Israel.”
  • Hikkim, a small village in Lahaul and Spiti district of Himachal Pradesh is famous for having the highest Post Office in the world. Malana, a village of Kullu is also famous as “The Village of Taboos”.
  • “Dhanties” word is used for sisters in Trans – Giri area. “Nono” word is used for ruling family in Spiti.
  • Zanskar mountain range separates Kinnaur and Spiti from Burma.
  • Roerich Art Gallery = Naggar (Kullu) = Nicholas Roerich (Russia).
  • Shobha Singh Art Gallery = Andretta (Palampur).
  • The British people in Shimla started IGMC in 1845, before 1984 it was named as Snow down Hospital.
  • The Territorial council was an advisory body instead of an assembly, form on 15th August, 1957. It was created by passing of Territorial Council Act 1956. This Council was consisted of 41 elected members including some nominated. Thakur Karam Singh was elected as the Chairman of this Council.
  • Himachal Pradesh with two Cabinet Ministers

i.e. Karam Singh and Hari Dass on1st July, 1963.

  • Reumalang is Garland of apricot and pine seeds (Kinnaur)
  • Black hat, also known as Red Tiger dance is associated with which dance of Lahaul&Spiti
  • Marriage customs like Anakang, Notting Feerang, Mode follow polyandrous system where all brothers are looked upon as the common fathers to the children, also called Matriarchal system.
  • Dr. Fleed analyzed Nirmand plate of Kullu for the first time.
  • Jeyeshthang & Kanishtang are the houses of Khap i.e. local Parliament of Malana village.
  • Jeyeshthang is the upper house of Khap (Parliament) in Malana.
  • Kanishtang is the lower house of Khap (Parliament) in Malana.
  • Jethong and Kanishong are the methods of division of property between brothers among Khasas. Jethong for elder brother and Kanishong for younger brother.
  • Kangra fort was also named Mohammadabad for some time in honour of Firoz Shah Tuglaq (speculation)
  • Afghan war decision were taken at Auckland House in 1838
  • First shop on Mall; Messer’s Barret & Co (Butchery Shop). Barret also opened ‘Old Shimla Bank’ located at present days Grand Hotel.
  • US club (United Services): Opened 1844 for defence personnel only. McMohan Line, Boundary Commision & Plan of Chandigarh were finalised here.
  • Alliance Bank of Shimla; 1874 with an initial capital of Rs. 50,000
  • Snowden was home of Fredrick Roberts.
  • Swanglas of Pattan Valley: Children of hypergamy (marriage in superior tribe) are known as Garu and Mundro.
  • Sashur Gompa built by Deva Gytso had invaluable 15 feet Thanka painting depicting all 84 Siddhas
  • Tayul Gompla has library of 101 volumes and houses 100 million wheels which turned automatically in 1996
  • Nikka was court painter of Raj Singh of Chamba.
  • Fattu painted Bihari Satsai series. Kishan Lal painted Bhagvat Puran
  • Wool analysis Lab is at Sarol in Chamba
  • M L Hogel introduced Trout in HP (1909)
  • HP Seed Potato control order was passed in 1976, to regulate export from HP.
  • Indo-Dutch Mushroom development project @ Palampur in 1985
  • 1947; Patlikul fish breeding farm started
  • Sarchu is the last border point between HP & Ladakh
  • Mountaineering and rescue centre in Bharmour & Jispa (lahaul)
  • High altitude trekking & skiing centre at Narkanda
  • Dana was original name of Manali
  • Biana are strong winds of Rohtang
  • HPMC fruit canning centre is at Dhaula Kuan Sirmour
  • Mohan Meakin breweries was established in 1855
  • The clock at Ridge was gifted by Col Dumbelton in 1860 AD
  • The Ridge Christ Church was designed by J.T. Boileau and Balugangh in Shimla also is named after him
  • Theog became the first state to formally merge with union of India even before formation of Himachal Pradesh.
  • “Seven Days that shook the Himalayas” headline in Tribune use for Suket Satyagraha.
  • DELHI DURBAR- Raja Sham Singh of Chamba, Raja Bijai Sen of Mandi and Raja Hira Chand of Bilaspur attended the Delhi Durbar which was held in 1877.
  • DELHI DURBAR 1911- Raja Amar Prakash of Sirmour, Raja Amar Chand of Bilaspur, Raja Bijai Sen of Keonthal, Raja Bhim Sen of Suket, Raja Bhuri Singh of Chamba, Rana Bhagat Chand of Jubbal and Raja Dip Singh of Baghat.
  • Advisory Committee on H.P to Union Home Ministry – Thakur Karam Singh.
  • The Ridge Maidan was also known as “Girja Miadan” (Church Ground).
  • In 1956, IAS cadre was sanctioned for HP
  • Tribune Office shifted from Lahore to Shimla at Bantony Castle
  • Looking Back’ is Book of Justice Mehar Chand Mahajan.
  • Gugga was Meru Varman master artisan who specialized in metal work.
  • Longest National Highway of Himachal is NH-5 (Old Name NH 22) from Chandigarh- Rampur (326.276KM).
  • Smallest National Highway of Himachal is NH- 907 (Old Name NH 73-A) from Lal Dhank-Bata Chowk (7.420KM).
  • Shimla is the only class one town in Himachal.
  • The book “Country Life” is written by Norah Richard.
  • Great freedom fighter Bhajju Ram of Kangra is also known as “Frontier Gandhi”.
  • Pahari Day is observed on 1st November.
  • In 1794 during the battle of Nerti Raja Raj Singh of Chamba lost his life against Raja Sansar Chand of Kangra and a fair was started by Sansar Chand to celebrate his victory. In 1796, a Shiva temple was built by Raja Jeet Singh, the son of Raja Raj Singh in the memory of his father.
  • At present there are 4 female members in Himachal Vidhan Sabha.
  • Bir Billing Paragliding site of district Kangra was discovered in 1978.
  • In 2011 Maharaja Sansar Chand Museum was established in Dharamshala.
  • In Himachal district Kangra has the highest number of 419 bank branches & district Lahaul- Spiti has the least number of 23 branches.
  • In 1992 Barnes Court was declared as the residence of the Governor of HP. In 1832 Edward Barnes was the first resident of Barnes Court. It was also the Raj Bhawan of Punjab till 1966.
  • Alliance Bank was the first bank of Shimla opened in 1874.
  • Albion Press was the first press of Shimla started in 1848 which published a local newspaper “The Mountain Monitor”.
  • The book “Travel in the Himachal Province of Hindustan” is written by Moorcroft.
  • Tareekh-e-Riyasat- Sirmour is written by Kanwar Ranjaur Singh.
  • Kiarda-dun valley is also known as “Paonta Valley”.
  • The Jads Like the Pangwals, the Jads. Are also a polyandrous and patrilineal tribe. Most of them are engaged in agriculture but l’ few also do business of wool. They wear woollen clothes and like mankamala. Unmarried girls in this region are also known as Jamo. They work for their religion (Buddhism) under the guidance of a Lama (priest).
  • DC of Shimla, Mr. Edwards abolished Begar in Shimla.
  • Shimla Past & present written by A J Bucks.
  • Lord Elgin; first Viceroy to live in Peterhoff.
  • Bonnie Moon; Present day State Museum at Shimla.
  • H S Harrington: Chief engineer of Shimla Railways.
  • Swanglas of Pattan Valley: Children of hypergamy (marriage in superior tribe) are known as Garu and Mundro.
  • On the recommendation of J.C. Shah Commission Punjab hill areas of districts of Kangra, Shimla, Kullu, Lahaul-Spiti etc were merged into Himachal.
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