HP Current Affairs 2021

JANUARY-2021

Swarnim Vatikas programme
As a part of celebrations of 50 glorious years of full statehood of Himachal Pradesh, Chief Minister planted a Cherry Blossom, commonly known as Pajja at Kareru Forest near Shimla and inaugurated the year-long celebrations by the Forest Department to establish the Swarnim Vatikas at different places in the State.
Key Highlights:
The Forest Department will take initiative to establish ‘Swarnim Vatika’ in each Assembly constituency to commemorate 50 years of full Statehood of Himachal Pradesh.
 At least 68 ‘Swarnim Vatikas’ would be established in the State in different Assembly constituencies during the coming year.
 This initiative aims at creating an integral space for interaction between humans and nature in the close vicinity of habitation.

Agricultural University to start Community Radio
 Agricultural University, Palampur will soon start a community radio station to make farmers aware of Agriculture related information and new technologies.
 This radio station will be set up at Sundernagar in the Mandi district.
Vidhayak e-mitra seva
 This facility will be provided through the mobile app ‘Shikhar ki aur Himachal’ being already run in the state.
 This facility to the MLAs will be provided under an additional tab named MLA CORNER.
 Through this app, MLAs would be able to follow up on the progress of their works online.
 The public of different constituencies put up their demands with the concerned MLAs and the proposals of public demands are further presented to Chief Minister.
MoU to set up Mountain Institute
 Himachal Pradesh government signed a memorandum of understanding (MoU) to invest Rs. 100 crore with Six Sigma Healthcare to set up Asia’s First Mountain Institute in Shimla district and Chudhdhar areas.
Key Highlights:
 Six Sigma health care would provide a healthcare facility in Kailash Manimahesh Yatra.
 The institute once being operational would provide jobs to 727 youths.
 The objective of the institute is to develop all types of research in Allopathy, Homeopathy, Ayurveda, Naturopathy and Yoga concerning high altitude mountains and to educate professionals in mountain medicines.
 The Government will provide support in the purchase of the land for the institute in Shimla and Sirmaur district.
 About Six Sigma health care:
 Six Sigma Healthcare is a super-specialized Mountain Medicines team trained by the Armed Forces in India since 2009.
 Six Sigma is providing free high altitude medical services in all pilgrimage like Amarnath, Kailash Mansarover, Kedarnath, Manimahesh and disasters like the Uttrakhand flood and Nepal earthquake.
First Doppler Weather Radar at Kufri
 Union Minister for Earth Sciences inaugurates the first Doppler Weather Radar at Kufri.

Key Highlights:
The Radar installed at Kufri was on test mode for a period of two weeks and thereafter its data would be used for forecasting purposes.
 The range of this Radar was up to 100 kilometres in radial distance.
 It would observe and provide the weather data of 100 kilometres in all directions, which would be used for forecasting purposes, especially for short-range forecasts.
 With the help of this Radar précised area-specific weather forecast and warning would be issued for a particular place, for the weather phenomenon like thunderstorms, lighting, hailstorm, heavy rainfall/snowfall, gusty winds etc.
 Two more Radars would be installed at Mandi and Dalhousie in the Chamba district of the State. The site had already been finalized at Mandi and the site for Radar at Dalhousie would be finalized soon.
Safe City Project Mandi
A presentation was made before the Chief Minister Jai Ram Thakur by officers of Bharat Sanchar Nigam Limited(BSNL) on ‘Safe City Project Mandi’ under the Nirbhaya project.
Key Highlights:
• The project would not only ensure the safety of women in public places but would also provide a smart solution to better traffic management and crowd control.
• The Union government provides funding in 90:10 ratios to the states having difficult terrains like Himachal Pradesh under this project.
• The project envisages design, development, implementation, operation and CCTV based surveillance system for Mandi town.
• The latest technology such as IP based camera infrastructure, unhindered viewing, monitoring record and storage of data would be done under this project.
• The project intends to implement a holistic and integrated surveillance system including the commissioning of command and control centre at police line Mandi.
First State to complete assessment of snow leopard and its wild prey
• Himachal Pradesh has become the first state to complete an assessment of snow leopards and their wild prey.
• The assessment of the snow leopard population has been completed by the state wildlife wing in collaboration with Nature Conservation Foundation (NCF) Bangalore following the protocol aligning with the SPAI (Snow Leopard Population Assessment in India) protocols of the Ministry of Environment, Forests and Climate Change.

Key Highlights:
• As snow leopard is the state animal, the study assumes great significance for Himachal Pradesh.
• The state has an estimated population of up to 73 snow leopards.
• These long-term studies could prove very useful in detecting the effects of conservation at the ground level and Himachal Pradesh could also be an example for other states.
• Snow leopard density ranged from 0.08 to 0.37 individuals per 100 sq.km., with the trans-Himalayan
 regions of Spiti, Pin valley and upper Kinnaur recording the highest densities, both of the predator and its prey, mainly ibex and blue sheep.
 This study covered the entire potential snow leopard habitat of Himachal Pradesh: an area of 26,112 sq.km, utilising a stratified sampling design. Camera trapping surveys were conducted at 10 sites to representatively sample all the strata i.e. high, low and unknown.
 The camera trap deployment over the mountainous terrains was led by a team of eight local youth of Kibber village and more than 70 frontline staff of HPFD were trained in this technique as part of the project.
 Snow leopards were detected at all the 10 sites (Bhaga, Chandra, Bharmour, Kullu, Miyar, Pin, Baspa, Tabo, Hangrang & Spiti) suggesting that snow leopards are found in the entire snow leopard habitat in Himachal Pradesh either as resident individuals of a population or as dispersing individuals navigating through these connecting habitats.
 Another revelation from the study is that a bulk of snow leopard occurrence is outside protected areas, reiterating the fact that local communities are the strongest allies for conservation in snow leopard landscapes.
 The NCF and wildlife wing collaborated in the effort and it took three years to complete the assessment, which will also serve as a robust baseline for the Wildlife wing for long term monitoring of the snow leopard landscape.
 Padma Shri Award: Kartar Singh has been announced for the Padma Shri Award by the Government of India for his outstanding work in the field of art. Kartar Singh belongs to the Hamirpur district of Himachal Pradesh. Kartar Singh is very well known for his work in woodcraft and carving wood inside glass bottles.
 India Innovation Index: Himachal Pradesh has received the top position among North Eastern/ Hilly states in India Innovation Index 2020, released by NITI Aayog, depicting capabilities and performances of the States.
 Zoological Survey of India (ZSI) has proved that the Himalayan Ibex is a distinct species from the Siberian Ibex.
• Centre has approved Bilateral Funding from French Development Agency which had agreed in principle to fund Rs. 650 crore project proposal under Disaster Risk Reduction activities in the State.
• HP launched two initiatives namely Police Station Visitor Survey System and the e-Night Beat Checking System for Himachal police. The Visitor survey system would be used for the surveillance of visitors visiting the Police Stations, Police Posts and all police units and will help in creating a database of visitors. The Night Beat Checking system for the Police Department would help the State Police to keep track of the suspected vehicles and criminals who move in the night.
• In a first, Palampur-based Council of Scientific Research and Industrial Technology Institute of Himalayan Bio-resource Technology (CSIR-IHBT) on July 12, 2021, introduced the ‘monk fruit’ from China for field trials in
Kullu, Himachal Pradesh. As per CSIR-IHBT, this is the first-ever monk fruit cultivation in India.
• ‘History of Himachal Pradesh’ written by noted author and retired IAS officer K. R. Bharti.
• National Commission on Population: Projects India’s Population to be More Feminine by 2036
• The National Commission on Population under the Ministry of Health and Family Welfare (MoHFW) submitted the Report of the Technical Group on population projections July 2020, titled “Population projections for India and States 2011- 2036”. The report projected that India’s sex ratio of the total population (females per 1000 males) is expected to be more feminine in 2036 compared to the population as of 2011.
Population projections for India and States 2011- 2036:
Sex ratio:

  1. The report estimates the sex ratio to increase from 943 in 2011 to 957 in 2036.
  2. Compared to 2011, the sex ratio in 18 states except Kerala, Karnataka, Maharashtra and Gujarat are expected to increase by 2036.
  3. In 2036, the lowest sex ratio of 899 is expected to be in the NCT of Delhi, followed by 900 in Gujarat and 908 in Haryana. Infant Mortality Rate:
  4. India’s Infant Mortality Rate(IMR) is reported to be 46 in 2010 which is expected to reduce to 30 by the end of 2031-2035.
  5. The report projects the IMR to reduce in all the states of India from 2011 to 2035.
  6. Madhya Pradesh has the highest IMR at 58 followed by Uttar Pradesh with 57 in 2011-2015 which is expected to come down to 37 and 38 in MP and UP respectively in 2031-35.
  7. During 2031-35, the IMR is expected to be between 30-40 in Rajasthan, Assam, Odisha, Chhattisgarh, MP and UP.
  8. Kerala is expected to have the lowest IMR at 9 in 2031-35 followed by Tamil Nadu from 22 in 2011-15 to 16 during 2031-35.
    Fertility Rate:
  9. Total Fertility Rate (TFR) is expected to decline from 2.34 during 2011-2015 to 1.73 during 2031- 35.
  10. The declining fertility rate will change the age demographics of India’s population and increase the medium age from 24.9 in 2011 to 34.5 in 2036.
  11. Bihar and UP have the higher TFR with 3.5 and 3.7 respectively which is higher than the TFR of India (2.5).
    The population of India:
  12. The report projects India’s population to increase by 25.7% in 25 years at a rate of 1% annually i.e., from 121.1 crores to 151.8 crores during 2011-36.
  13. The population density will increase from 368 to 463 persons per square kilometre.
  14. As per the 2011 Census, India’s population was 1.21 billion which is estimated to grow by 311 million by 2036.
    Youth Population:
  15. The youth population (15-24 years) is expected to increase from 23.3 crores in 2011 to 25.2 crores in 2021 and then continue to decrease to 22.7 crores in 2036.
  16. The youth population proportion to the total population is expected to become 14.9%in 2036. A decline in the rate of population growth: The population growth rate will decline by 8.4% during 2021-2031.
    Note: The report projects that India will overtake China and become the most populated county around 2031.
    Urban Population:
  17. The urban population of India was 31.8% in 2011 which is projected to increase to 38.2% by 2036 which contributes to 73% of the total population growth by 2036.
  18. Delhi with a 98% urban population in 2011 is expected to become 100% urban by 2036.
  19. Tamil Nadu, Kerala, Maharashtra, Telangana and Gujarat are expected to have more than 50% urban population by 2036.
    Life Expectancy:
  20. For men, the life expectancy is expected to increase from 66 to 69 and for women, it is expected to increase from 71 to 74.
  21. Kerala could become the only Indian state to have a life expectancy above 80 for women and 74 for men by 2036.
  22. The Northeastern states are estimated to have a life expectancy of 77 for women and 73 for men by 2036.
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