Mythology & Origin
Bushahr was one of the largest states in Himachal Pradesh.
Kalidasa mentioned about Kinnaur in his famous book Kumarasambhava.According to mythology, Pardhyuman the son of Lord Krishna founded the Bushahr dynasty. Lord Shiva promised to protect Vana himself, should the need ever arise. Banasur was a great devotee of Lord Shiva and had 1,000 arms as a result of which no one even attempted to fight with him. Vana had a beautiful daughter named Usha.
Anirudh (the grand-son of Lord Krishna) went to Usha & they performed a gandharva vivah.
After a battle Vanasur captured Anriudh. Banasur was defeated & to Krishna. It is said that in order to marry Usha, the daughter of local chief Bavasa Dev (Banasur), to his son Anirudh, Pardhyuman came to Sarahan.
Bavasa Dev had no male heir and Pardhyuman is said to have killed prospective father-in-law of his son and usurped his power.
Two genealogies also are available: one maintained at Kamru. The ancient capital of Bushahr and another at Rampur. The former gives the names of 120 rulers and latter 122 rulers down from Pardhyuman to Virbhadra Singh.
It is quite certain that by the 19th century its rulers began to connect their genealogy with the well- known Chandervanshi Rajputs of the plains.
The capital was, therefore, shifted from Kamru to Sarahan and then to Rampur. Raja Ram Singh, who is said to be 116th of the line, made Rampur his capital.
The state of Bushahr consisted roughly of four distinct regions. First region was Kinnaur. The second comprised that tract which including Rampur and Sarahan extended down the valley of Satluj; the third consisted of the valley of Pabbar and the fourth of the valley of Nawaurand Tikkar with all the intervening tracts between them
In mid-16th century AD, the Thakur of Kamru fort named Chhattar Singh Jabbar according to Rahul Sankirtyan, the name is Chubal.
In the Tibetan-Ladakh War (1681-83) Raja Kehri Singh helped Tibet to emerge victorious and at the end of the war the ruler of Tibet rewarded him for his help by giving him upper part of Kinnaur, i.e. Hungrung valley. He also signed a commercial treaty with Tibet, conferring on Bushahr traders the right of free trade and movement in Tibet. This tax free regime continued till 1962 AD.
Kehari Singh expended large sums of money for the renovation of Bhimakaali palace.During Mohinder Singh’s reign Gurkhas occupied Bushahr from 1810-1814.The state was granted sanad and handed over to Mohinder Singh except Rawin and Kotgarh, which remained under the British control.
During 1857, Bushahr Raja Shamsher Singh, went against British. William Harry, the then DC of Shimla hill states wanted to retaliate, but Chief Commissioner of Punjab did not permit. As his son Padam Singh was considered illegitimate, he adopted Surender Shah, the younger brother of the Garhwal chief as his son. In 1914 Padam Singh was recognized as the legitimate heir to Shamsher Singh. He ruled the state till 1947.
Other Points 1st May 1960: Bushahr state became a part of the Kinnaur district, which was carved out of Chinni tehsil of Mahasu district.
During the rule of Raja Chubal Singh the capital of the state was shifted to Sarahan and Raja Ram Singh shifted it to Rampur.
Kinnaur was also referred as Khunu by Tibetans; Maon in Leh; Mone or Maon in Bushahr state.Kamru a seat of former Bushahr state is also called as Mone.
Former CM, Virbhadra Singh is 122 in sequence, and became king in 1947 AD.
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